Prevention, Detection, Escape

Every person is responsible for their own fire safety. It is everyone's responsibility to implement and practice the three lines of defence against fire: Prevention, Detection, Escape.


Check your home for fire hazards and eliminate them, and complete the Home Fire Safety Checklist. Most home fires are still caused by careless cooking, smoking, and candle use.

Quick prevention tips:

  • Keep hazards minimized through a regular housekeeping program.
  • Keep all areas of the home, garage and yard clear of rubbish and combustible waste.
  • Clean the dryer lint trap before each use and the whole dryer vent at least yearly. Related video: Clothes Dryer Safety
  • Ensure containers for flammable liquids, solvent, adhesives and pressurized aerosol cans are approved and stored according to manufacturer recommendations.
  • Store gasoline-powered equipment outside of the house.


Smoke Alarms

Working smoke alarms are so important, it's the law to have them on every storey of your home and outside sleeping areas. Remember: while installation and maintenance is mandated by the Ontario Fire Code, this code is the minimum standard. Have enough smoke alarms to provide your family with the early warning needed to escape from a fire.

For example:

  • if you have family members sleeping on different levels of the home, consider interconnected alarms so that when one rings, they all ring.
  • if you have family members who require assistance to escape during an emergency, install extra alarms so when a fire is small enough you can get to them and all escape safely.

Carbon Monoxide (CO) Alarms

The Ontario Fire Code now requires every home that has a risk of carbon monoxide poisoning install a CO alarm outside of sleeping areas. You may require more than one CO alarm if you have family members/residents sleeping on different levels of your home. Learn about CO alarms.


If a fire occurred in your home tonight, would your family get out safely? Everyone must know what to do and where to go when the smoke alarm sounds. Take a few minutes with everyone in your household to make a home fire escape plan. Download the CFFR Fire Safety Plan Kit and include the following information:

  • Draw a floor plan of your home
  • Show two ways out of every room, if possible
  • Decide in advance who will assist others
  • Choose a meeting place
  • Call for help once escaped
  • Practice your escape

Contact Us